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Theory of Knowledge

Our course combines high quality, IB-authorised content focusing on the Ways of Knowing and the Areas of Knowledge defined by the IB with access to all relevant materials. Our global online classrooms are particularly useful to stimulate discussions with a wide variety of cultural viewpoints.

Course structure

The course covers the following topics:

Year 1

  • Introduction to Theory of Knowledge
  • The Arts
  • Mathematics
  • History
  • Ethics
  • Natural Sciences

Year 2

  • Natural Sciences, continued
  • Human Sciences
  • Ways of Knowing and The Essay
  • The Presentation

What is Theory of Knowledge?

Theory of Knowledge (TOK) is a core component of the IB Diploma Programme; it plays an essential part in practicing the IB philosophy and inviting students to reflect on their learning. The IB defines Theory of Knowledge as “providing an opportunity for students to reflect on the nature of knowledge, and on how we know what we claim to know”.

Benefits to students

Upon completion of course, students should be able to:

  • Analyse knowledge claims and respond to knowledge issues in the context of different areas of knowledge and Ways of Knowing
  • Express ideas accurately and honestly, using examples from their own experiences as learners and from their broader life experience


The course material conveys the theoretical foundation of essential concepts or questions, while providing an environment in which these concepts can be discussed and debated. The global online classroom naturally presents opportunities for collaboration through the development of wikis and class projects, and the participation in live lessons and discussion forums. Students are encouraged to reflect on their learning and make regular journal entries throughout the course.


Summative assessments in the form of essay or presentation occur at the end of each unit (each six weeks). Specific time is allotted in the final weeks to complete a final essay and presentation. Formative assessments include writing in wikis, journals and discussion forums throughout the course.

Content calendar

Preparation time for the essay and presentation is included.

Weeks 1 – 6: Introduction
Weeks 7 – 12: The Arts
Weeks 13 – 18: Mathematics
Weeks 19 – 24: History
Weeks 25 – 30: Ethics
Weeks 31 – 36: Natural Sciences
Weeks 37 – 42: Human Science
Weeks 43, 45, 46: Overview of Ways of Knowing
Weeks 44, 47 – 49: The Essay
Weeks 50 – 53: The Presentation

Next steps

Request further information

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How does it work?

Watch our video to find out how IB Diploma Programme students use the Pamoja Taught learning platform on a day-to-day basis throughout the duration of their two-year courses.


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