The study of abnormal behaviour has a long and tragic history. People who have a mental disorder were seen as possessed by evil spirits that needed to be driven out by whatever means. A more humane approach developed in the 18th and 19th centuries and mental illness...
Each year, following the May and November examination sessions, the IB publishes a subject report. This report provides the grade boundaries for all components of the course, as well as a review of candidate performance on each examination question. It also provides...
Psychologists, especially those taking a sociocultural approach, have investigated social and cultural differences in interpersonal space. Four categories of personal space have been identified: public, social, personal, and intimate. Hall (1966) argues that cultural...
Researchers investigating cultural groups and differences between these groups have adopted various approaches. These include in-depth studies of single cultures, cross-cultural studies of more than one cultural group, or studies of bicultural groups (e.g. Chinese...
The dual processing model assumes that we think in two ways across several tasks. These can be understood as intuitive (automatic) thinking and rational (controlled) thinking. Kahneman (2001) called intuitive thinking System 1 thinking. This type of thinking is...
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